The following will be discussed on how to build a computer, especially for those just learning, from a few references that I learned, the following will be explained step by step how to build best a computer, hopefully useful.

Components of computer assemblers are available on the market with a variety of quality and price options. By assembling their own computers, we can determine the types of components, capabilities and facilities of the computer as needed. Stages in the computer assembly consists of:

A. Preparation

B. Assembly

C. Testing

D. Handling Problems


Good preparation will facilitate the assembly of computers and avoid problems that may arise. It is related in preparation include:Computer Configuration Determinationcomponents preparation and equipmentSecurityComputer Configuration Determination

Computer configuration relates to the determination of components and features of the computer and how all the components can work as a computer system according to our wishes. Determination of components starting from the type of processor, motherboard and other components.

Factors suitability or compatibility of the components of the motherboard should be noted, because each type of motherboard supports the processor type, memory modules, ports and I / O bus different.

Preparation Components and Equipment

Computer components and assembly equipment to be prepared for the assembly prepared in advance to facilitate assembly. Equipment is prepared consisting of:

1. Components of computer

2. Completeness components such as cables, screws, jumpers, bolts and so on

3. Books and reference manuals from component

4. Aids in the form of a flat screwdriver and philips

Operating system software, device drivers and application programs.

The book takes as a reference manual for the position of the diagram knows connection elements (connectors, ports and slots) and element configuration (jumpers and switches) and how to set jumpers and switches are appropriate for the assembled computer. Diskette or CD required to install the software operating system, device drivers of the devices, and application programs on a computer that is assembled.


Necessary precautions to avoid problems such as damage to components by static electrical charges, falls, excessive heat or liquid spills. Prevention of damage due to static electricity by:

1. Use anti-static wrist or touch the metal surface on the chassis before handling components to remove static charge.

2. No direct touching electronic components, connectors or circuit path but holding on metal or plastic bodies found in the component.


Stage of the process on a computer assembly consists of:

1. Preparation motherboard

2. Installing processor

3. Installing heatsink

4. Installing Memory Modules

5. install the motherboard on the chassis

6. Install Power Supply

7. Install the motherboard and chassis cable

8. Install Drive

9. Install the adapter card

10. Final Settlement

1. Preparation motherboard

Check your motherboard manual to find out the position of jumpers for CPU speed setting, speed multiplier and input voltage to the motherboard. Set the jumper setting according to the instructions, set the jumpers wrong voltage can damage the processor.

2. Installing processor

Easier processor motherboards occupy placed before casing. How to install the processor socket and slot types differ. Type socket

1. Determine the position of pin 1 on the processor and the processor socket on the motherboard, usually located on the corner marked with a dot, triangle or curve.

2. Straighten locking lever position to open the socket.

3. Insert the processor into the socket by aligning the position of first legs with holes processor socket. Squeeze until there is no gap between the processor with the socket.

4. Lower the locking lever back.

Slot Type

1. Install buffer (bracket) at the two ends of a slot on the motherboard so that the peg hole position met with a hole in the motherboard

2. Enter the pegs and locking pin in the hole peg

Processor card tucked in between the brace and press to the right into the hole slot.

3. Install Heatsink

Heatsinks function is to remove the heat generated by the processor through the conduction of heat from the processor to optimize the transfer of heat heatsink.Untuk the heatsink must be fitted tightly on the top of the processor with a clip as a drag while the contacts on the heatsink surface coated conductor hots. IF gene equipped with a fan heatsink then the fan power connector is connected to the fan connector on the motherboard.

4. Installing Memory Modules

Memory modules are installed sequentially from the smallest socket number. The order of installation can be seen from the diagram motherboard.Setiap types of memory modules SIMMs, DIMM and RIMM can be distinguished by the position of grooves on the sides and bottom of the module. how to install for each type of memory module as follows.

Type SIMMs

1. Adjust the position of grooves on the module with the bumps in the slot.

2. Insert the module with a sloping 45-degree angle to the slot

3. Push the module straight up in the slot, the locking lever on the slot will automatically lock the module.

5. Install the motherboard to the chassis

Motherboard mounted to the chassis with screws and seat (standoff). How to install as follows:

1. Determine the position of the hole for each holder of plastic and metal. Mounting holes for the metal (metal spacer) are marked with a ring on the edge of the hole.

2. Install metal or plastic holder on the tray casing in accordance with the position of each corresponding mounting hole on the motherboard.

3. Place the motherboard on the tray so that the head holder casing out of the hole on the motherboard. Place the lock screw on each metal holder.

4. Place the frame port I / O (I / O sheild) on the motherboard if any.

5. Place the tray casing which is mounted on the chassis and motherboard with a screw lock.

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